职称英语
选课中心免费体验名师介绍在线考场你问我答短信提醒
您的位置:学易首页 > 职称英语 > 模拟试题 > 2017年职称英语考试理工类C级模拟试题及答案解析:阅读理解
快揵导航:考试报名成绩查询证书领取经验交流
2017年职称英语考试理工类C级模拟试题及答案解析:阅读理解
来源:学易网校 2016/10/20 12:10:00 【字体:放大正常缩小】【打印页面

  2017年职称英语考试理工类C级模拟试题及答案解析:阅读理解.网上课程学习请电话咨询:010-56629166,团课专线400-622-5005!

2017年职称英语考试理工类C级模拟试题及答案解析:阅读理解

  2017年职称英语考试报名在即,学易网为帮助考生顺利通过考试,针对职称英语考试收集整理了大量复习资料、模拟试题和练习题等,以供帮助考生备考,网校更凭借雄厚的师资实力和完备的教学体系开设了职称英语考试课程辅导,欢迎大家免费试听[点此试听]!

  第四部分:阅读理解(每题3分,共45分)
  下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题,每道题后面有4个选项。请仔细阅读短文并根据短文回答其后面的问题,从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。
  第1篇
  Medical Journals
  Medical journals are publications that report medical information to physicians and other health professionals.
  In the past,these journals were available only in print.With the development of electronic publishing,many medical journals now have Web sites on the Internet,and some journals publish only online.A few medical journals,like the Journal of the American Medical Association,are considered general medical journals because they cover many fields of medicine.Most medical journals are specialty journals that focus on a particular area of medicine.
  Medical journals publish many types of articles.Research articles report the results of research studies on a range of topics varying from the basic mechanisms of diseases to clinical trials that compare outcomes of different treatments.Review articles summarize and analyze the information available on a specific topic based on a careful search of the medical literature.
  Because the results of individual research studies can be affected by many factors,combining results from different studies on the same topic can be helpful in reaching conclusions about the scientific evidence for preventing,diagnosing or treating a particular disease.Case conferences and case reports may be published in medical journals to educate physicians about particular illnesses and how to treat at them.Editorials in medical journals are short essays that express the views of the authors,often regarding a research or review article published in the same issue.
  Editorials provide perspective on how the current article fits with other information on the same topic.Letters to the editor provide a way for readers of the medical journal to express comments,questions or criticisms about articles published in that journal.
  1. The main readers of medical journals are
  A.the general public.
  B.healthprofessionals.
  C.medical critics
  D.news reporters.
 
  2. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
  A.Many medical journals also publish online.
  B.A few medical journals are general medical journals.
  C.Most medical journals publish only online.
  D.Most medical journals are specialty journals.
 
  3. How many major types of articles are mentioned in the passage?
  A.Five.
  B.Seven.
  C.Four.
  D.Six.
 
  4. An article dealing with results from different studies on the same topic is called
  A.a research article.
  B.a review article.
  C.a case report.
  D.an editorial.
 
  5.Letters to the editor enable readers of a medical journal to express comments on
  A.any medical event.
  B.articles published in the same issue.
  C.articles published in that journal
  D.medical development.
 
  第2篇
  Adaptation of Living Things
  Certain animals and plants develop characteristics that help them cope with their environment better than others of their kind. This natural biological process is called adaptation. Among the superior characteristics developed through adaptation are those that may help in getting food or shelter,in providing protection,and in producing and protecting the young. That results in the evolution of more and more organisms that are better fitted to their environments.
  Each living thing is adapted to its way of life in a general way,but each is adapted especially to its own distinct class. A plant,for example,depends upon its roots to fix itself firmly and to absorb water and inorganic chemicals. It depends upon its green leaves for using the sun's energy to make food from inorganic chemicals. These are general adaptations,common to most plants. In addition,there are special adaptations that only certain kinds of plants have.
  Many animals have adaptations that help them escape from their enemies. Some insects are hidden by their body color or shape,and many look like a leaf or a little branch. The coats of deer are colored to mix with the surroundings. Many animals have the ability to remain completely still when an enemy is near.
  Organisms have a great variety of ways of adapting. They may adapt in their structure,function,and genetics;in their development and production of the young;and in other respects. An organism may create its won environment,as do warm-blooded mammals,which have the ability to adjust body heat exactly to maintain their ideal temperature despite changing weather. Usually adaptations are an advantage,but sometimes an organism is so well adapted to a particular environment that,if conditions change,it finds it difficult or impossible to readapt to the new conditions.
  1. Some plants and animals develop superior characteristics so that they may
  A.help others of their kind get food,shelter and other things needed.
  B.survive even in extremely severe conditions
  C.become better adapted to the environments than others of their kind.
  D.result in the evolution and production of more intelligent organisms.
 
  2. In the first paragraph,the word “environments” could best be replaced by
  A.contexts
  B.surroundings
  C.neighbors
  D.enemies
 
  3. It can be inferred from this passage that the feathers of a bird care colored
  A.to frightened its enemies.
  B.to attract its enemies
  C.to adjust its body heat
  D.to match its environment
 
  4. Which of the following is not directly mentioned?
  A.A living thing may adapt in its structure.
  B.An organism may adapt in its function.
  C.A living creature may adapt in its genetic makeup.
  D.A living organism may adapt in its sleeping habit.
 
  5. The author cites the behavior of warm-blooded mammals in order to illustrate which of the following?
  A.A living thing may have the ability to create an environment of its own
  B.A living creature may have the ability to remain still when an enemy is near.
  C.A living creature may have the ability to make food from its inorganic chemicals
  D.A living creature may have the ability to change the color of its skin.
 
  第3篇
  Ford Abandons Electric Vehicles
  The Ford motor company's abandonment of electric cars effectively signals the end of the road for the technology,analysts say.
  General Motors.and Honda' ceased production of battery.powered cars in 1 999,to focus on fuel cell and hybrid electric gasoline engines,which are more attractive to the consumer.Ford has now announced it will do the same.
  Three years ago.the company introduced the Think City two—seater car and a golf cart called the THINK, or Think Neighbor.It hoped to sell 5,000 cars each year and 10,000 carts.But a lack of demand means only about l,000 of the cars have been produced,and less than 1.700 carts have been sold so far in 2002.
  “The bottom line is we don't believe that this is the future of environment transport for the mass market.”Tim Holmes of Ford Europe said on Friday.“We feel we have given electric our best shot”
  The Think City has a range of only about 53 miles and up to a six-hour battery recharge time.General Motors' EVI electric vehicle also had a limited range.of about 100 miles.
  The very expensive batteries also mean electric cars cost much more than petrol-powered alternatives.An electric Toyot~RAV4 EV vehicle costs over$42,000 in the US,compared with just $17,000 for the petrol version.Toyota and Nissan…are now the only major automanufacturers to produce electric vehicles.
  “There is a feeling that battery electric has been given its chance.Ford now has to move on with its hybrid program”,and that is what we will be judging them on,“Roger Higman,a senior transport campaigner at UK Friends of the Earth,told the Environment News Service.
  Hybrid cars introduced by Toyota and Honda in the past few years have sold well.Hybrid engines Offer Greater mileage than petrol—only engines , and the batteries recharge themselves. Ford says it thinks such vehicles will help it meet planned new guidelines“on vehicle emissions” in the U.S.
  However,it is not yet clear exactly what those guidelines will permit.In June,General Motors and Daimler Chrysler won a court injunction,delaying by two years Californian legislation requiring car—makers to offer 100,000 zero-emission and other low—emission vehicles in the state by 2003.Car manufacturers hope the legislation will be rewritten to allow for more low-emission,rather than zero—emission,vehicles.
  1. What have the Ford motor company.General Motor's and Honda done concerning electric cars?
  A.They have started to produce electric cars.
  B.They have done extensive research on electric Cars
  C.They have given up producing electric cars.
  D.They have produced thousands of electric Cars
 
  2. According to Tim Holmes of Ford Europe,battery-powered cars
  A.will be the main transportation vehicles in the future
  B.will not be the main transportation vehicles in the future.
  C.will be good to the environment in the future
  D.will replace petrol—powered vehicles in the future.
 
  3. Which auto manufacturers are still producing electric vehicles?
  A.Toyota and Nissan
  B.General Motor's and Honda
  C.Ford and Toyota
  D.Honda and Toyota
 
  4.According to the eighth paragraph,hybrid cars
  A.offer fewer mileage than petrol driven cars
  B.run faster than petrol driven cars
  C.run more miles than petrol driven cars
  D.offer more batteries than petrol driven cars
 
  5.Which of the following is true about the hope of car manufacturers according to the last paragraph?
  A.Low-emission cars should be banned.
  B.Only zero-emission cars are allowed to run on motorways.
  C.The legislation will encourage car makers to produce more electric cars.
  D.The legislation will allow more 10w.emission to be produced.
 
  参考答案及解析:
  第四部分:阅读理解(每题3分,共45分)
  下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题,每道题后面有4个选项。请仔细阅读短文并根据短文回答其后面的问题,从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。
  第1篇
  Medical Journals
  1. B.分析:细节题。问题问及“医疗杂志的主要读者”,借助题干中的main readers作为答案线索,这样发现答案相关句:Medical journals are publications that report medical information to physicians and other health professionals.(该句间接的回答了问题—“向内科医生和其他健康专家提供医疗信息”,所以答案是B.)
  2. C.分析:细节题。发现被选项在内容上都是涉及到“医疗杂志的出版”,所以借助publish作为答案线索,这样发现答案相关句:many medical journals now have Web sites on the Internet(该句与A内容一致),and some journals publish only online.(该句直接与C矛盾)A few medical journals,like the Journal of the American Medical Association,are considered general medical journals because they cover many fields of medicine.(该句与B内容一致)Most medical journals are specialty journals that focus on a particular area of medicine.(该句与D内容一致)
  3. A. 分析:细节题。该题涉及到文章类型。注意文章中提及文章类型的句子。这样发现答案相关句:Medical journals publish many types of articles.Research articles report the results of …Review articles summarize and analyze ……。Case conferences and case reports may be published in medical journals ……Editorials provide perspective on ……。Letters to the editor provide a way for readers of ……
  4. B.分析:细节题。利用题干中的核心结构different studies on the same topic作为答案线索,这样找到答案相关句:Review articles summarize and analyze the information available on a specific topic based on a careful search of the medical literature.(该句说“综述文章是在对医学文献进行了仔细的查询后找出的有关某一具体主题的信息进行汇总和分析”)Because the results of individual research studies can be affected by many factors,combining results from different studies on the same topic (“对于同一主题的不同研究结果的汇总”在含义上与上句“综述文章”的目的一致,因此判断B是答案。)can be helpful in reaching conclusions about the scientific evidence for preventing,diagnosing or treating a particular disease.
  5. C. 分析:借助题干中的核心结构Letters to the editor和express comments on作为答案线索,这样在文章最后部分找到答案相关句:Letters to the editor provide a way for readers of the medical journal to express comments, questions or criticisms about articles published in that journal.(该句内容直接回答了问题:对杂志上发表的文章进行评论,提出问题或提出批评意见)
 
  第2篇
  Adaptation of Living Things
  1. C.该题的直接答案相关句是文章第一句。
  2. B.surroundings 和environment是近义词,所以B正确。
  3. D.该题的直接答案相关句是第3段的一句话:The coats of deer are colored to mix with the surroundings.
  4. D.文章提到了一种生命为了适应环境可以改变结构(A),功能(B)和基因构造(C),但没有说可以改变睡眠习惯。
  5. A.直接答案相关句在最后一段的第3个句子。
 
  第3篇
  Ford Abandons Electric Vehicles
  1.C 第一段第一个句子告诉我们福特汽车公司放弃了电动汽车,第二段说通用汽车公司和本田汽车公司停止生产电动汽车。
  2.B 第四段第一个句子是Tim Holmes对电动汽车未来的评价,他认为未来的交通运输的大众市场不可能是电动汽车。
  3.A 答案的依据是第六段最后一句。
  4.C 答案的依据是倒数第二段第二句。
  5.D 答案的依据是文章的最后一句:the legislation will be written to allow for low-emission, rather than zero-emission, vehicles.

  更多职称英语考试信息及课程辅导可关注学易网职称英语频道[点击进入]

 

职称英语网络课程
职称英语考试导航
用户名:
密 码:
保留登录信息
考试指南
免费试听
历年真题