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2017年职称英语考试模拟试题综合类A级(1)词汇判断概括大意
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2017年职称英语考试模拟试题综合类A级(1)词汇判断概括大意

第一部分:词汇选择(第1-15题,每题1分,共15分)
下面共有15句子,每个句子均有一个词或短语划有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的四个选项中选择一个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语。
1 The town is famous for its magnificent church towers.
A distinguished
B contemporary
C specialized
D specified
 
2 The economic reform in Japan has been accelerated.
A sped up
B put off
C slowed down
D stopped
 
3 During his lifetime he was able to accumulate quite a fortune.
A control
B spend
C collect
D exchange
 
4 It's impolite to cut in when two persons are holding a conversation.
A leave
B talk loudly
C stand up
D interrupt
 
5 What can you do to ensure that you will stay healthy?
A be assured
B insist
C prove
D secure
 
6 I didn't help him. I would have, however, I didn't have the money.
A or
B but
C otherwise
D still
 
7 Gunpowder was used extensively in firearms prior to 1990.
A in
B around
C from
D before
 
8 The team's spirit was at the lowest point in the season.
A ability to read
B lesson
C morale
D talent
 
9 Mary had sold her bike, taken a driving test and bought a car.
A examination
B quiz
C exercise
D check 
 
10 We have to think very carefully before we take any action, because it's a very serious situation we have encountered.
A ideal
B favourable
C good
D severe
 
11 It's tough looking for a job these days.
A different
B digital
C difficult
D direct
 
12 I wonder who first conceived the idea of cutting a hole in the door.
A thought of
B came on
C gave up
D handed out
 
13 John talked over the new job with his wife.
A discussed
B mentioned
C accepted
D rejected
 
14 Tom is still full of beans at 70.
A courageous
B kind
C energetic
D single
 
15 It took me a whole hour to solve the problem.
A work at
B work on
C work out
D work over
 
第二部分:阅读判断(每题1分,共七分)
阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出了七个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子作出判断。
 
  Factors Influencing Marriage
 
  The common view in social science of love relationships is not that opposites attract each other but that like attracts like. People fall in love with others who share their interests and tastes and whose personalities are similar. Hill, Rubin, and Peplau (176) found only slight support for this view. On a great many characteristics, couples were not alike. On others, couples were only somewhat alike. Couples did tend to be about the same age, to be equally good-looking, to have similar IQ scores, to be of the same religion, and to want the same number of children. But on each of these things, quite a few couples differed from one another. In fact, on only one question did most agree on:whether they were “in love”.
 
  The early interviews failed to find that being alike was very important in bringing couples together. The follow-up interviews found that similarities were much more important in keeping couples together. Those who were together after two years were much more closely matched than couples who broke up, especially in terms of age, IQ, college plans, and looks. Thus, couples were much more likely to break up if one person was a lot smarter, better looking, or older. It is easy to imagine why these differences would matter. If one person is much smarter or more mature than the other, this could cause conflicts. If one person is much better looking, he or she will have more chances for other relationships.
 
  Yet other things that would seem as important turned out not to matter. Those who stayed together differed not at all from those who broke up in how alike they were on religion, sex role ideas, beliefs about sex, idealism, or the number of children they wanted. Surely, one might suppose that marked differences in sex role attitudes could cause friction or that religious differences might lead to breakups. But there was no evidence of this.
 
  In fact, conflict was not one of the main reasons people gave for breaking up. Most said they broke up because they got bored with the other person. Often this caused one of the pair to become interested in someone else, thus prompting the split. Perhaps surprisingly, the woman got involved with someone else far more often than the man. Also, women were much more likely to suggest a breakup than men, regardless of the grounds. However, people were more likely to remain friends after the breakup if the man asked for the split. This suggests that the male ego is more sensitive to rejection.
 
16 In a marriage, conflicts are often caused by the diversity of intelligence.
  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
 
17 Similarities within couples were most important in keeping couples together.
  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
 
18 Most couples are about the same age, to be equally goodlooking, to have similar IQ scores and so on.
  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
 
19 The religious differences are usually a big reason for breakups.
  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
 
20 Most people hold the view not that opposites attract each other but that like attracts like.
  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
 
21 If a couple divorce without much conflict, they are more likely to remain friends after the breakup.
  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
 
22 When one of the pair becomes interested in someone else, the marriage is most likely to break up.
  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
 
第三部分:概括大意与完成句子 (每题1分,共8分)
阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)1---4 题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2--5 段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第5--8题要求从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确的选项,分别完成每个句子。
 
  Attention to the Details
 
1 Attention to detail is something everyone can and should do—especially in a tight job market. Bob Crossley, a human-resources expert notices this in the job applications that come across his desk every day. “It’s amazing how many candidates eliminate themselves, ”he says.
 
2 “Resumes(简历)arrive with stains. Some candidates don’t bother to spell the company’s name correctly. Once I see a mistake, I eliminate the candidate, ”Crossley concludes. “if they cannot take care of these details, why should we trust them with a job?”
 
3 Can we pay too much attention to details?Absolutely. Perfectionists struggle over little things at the cost of something larger they work toward. “To keep from losing the forest for the trees, ”says Charles Garfield, associate professor at the University of California, San Francisco, “we must constantly ask ourselves how the details we’re working on fit into the larger picture. If they don’t, we should drop them and move to something else. ”
 
4 Garfield compares this process to his work as a computer scientist at NASA. “The Apollo moon launch was slightly off-course 90 percent of the time. ”says Garfield. “But a successful landing was still likely because we knew the exact coordinates of our goal. This allowed us to make adjustments as necessary. ”Knowing where we want to go helps us judge the importance of every task we undertake.
 
5 Too often we believe what accounts for others’ success is some special secret or a lucky break (机遇). But rarely is success so mysterious. Again and again, we see that by doing little things within our grasp well, large rewards follow.
 
23 Paragraph 1
 
24 Paragraph 3
 
25 Paragraph 4
 
26 Paragraph 5
A Don’t Be a Perfectionist.
B The Benefits of Knowing Where We Want to Go.
C Hard Work Plus Good Luck.
D The Outcomes of Our Efforts.
E The Importance of Attention to Detail.
F Constantly Asking Ourselves about Details.
 
27 Once I see a mistake, .
 
28 If the details don’t fit into the larger picture, .
 
29 A successful landing was still likely .
 
30 By doing little things with our efforts, .
A rarely is success so mysterious
B large rewards follow
C I eliminate the candidate
D We should drop them and move to something else
E judge the importance of every task
F because we knew the exact coordinates of our goal
 
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