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2013年5月北京成人学位英语真题及答案
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2013年5月北京成人学位英语真题及答案

  Part I Reading Comprehension (30 %)

  Directions : There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  Passage 1

  Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:

  Is that 6 a. m. workout getting in the way of good sleep? Don't think your fat cells won't notice. A new study published in The Annals of Internal Medicine ( a medical journal) finds that inadequate shut-eye has a harmful effect on fat cells, reducing their ability to respond to insulin (~) by about 30 percent. Over the long-term, this decreased response could set the stage for type-2 diabetes(a medical condition in which someone has too much sugar in his or her blood), fatty liver disease and weight gain.

  The study adds to a growing body of evidence that there's "an intimate relationship between the amount of sleep we get and our ability to maintain a good, healthy body weight," says sleep expert Helene Emsellem, director of the Center for Sleep and Wake Disorders in Chevy. Chase, Maryland.(76) But Americans don't seem to be getting the message that we need seven to nine hours per night. More than 1 in 5 of us, according to a report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, is getting six or fewer hours of sleep per night, on average.

  So how did researchers study fat cells in the Annals paper? Matthew Brady of the University of Chicago and a group of colleagues selected and persuaded seven volunteers to take part in the research project. They were all young, thin and healthy and agreed to sleep for eight nights in a sleep lab. "For four nights they were allowed to stay in bed for 8.5 hours a night," says Brady. Then, a month later, they came back for four additional nights--but this time they were allowed just 4.5 hours of sleep per night. And after each visit, researchers got a sample of their fat. (77) Brady explains that the fat cells responded significantly to the loss of sleep. "I was very surprised to be honest," he says.

  Bad things can happen when fat cells become less responsive to insulin. " Fat cells are actually your friend," he says. "They're there to store lipids (血脂)。" when lipids stay inside the cells, your body can utilize the fat when you're exercising or sleeping or going about your day. "However, when fat cells start to become insulin resistant, the lipids start to leach out of the fat cells and rise in the bloodstream," Brady says.

  1. According to the passage, lack of sleep for a long while can probably lead to all of the following EXCEPT

  A. heart disease

  B. weight gain

  C. diabetes

  D. liver disease

  2. The main idea of the third paragraph is

  A. how to write a medical research paper

  B. how to avoid sleep loss

  C. how the research was conducted

  D. how to conduct a medical experiment

  3. What does the word "leach" in the last paragraph probably mean?

  A. Leap.

  B. Lead.

  C. Lean.

  D. Leak.

  4. Which of the following is NOT TRUE according to the passage?

  A. We will be in trouble if our fat cells become less responsive to insulin.

  B. More and more studies are done to study the link between sleep and weight.

  C. More than 20% of Americans are not getting enough sleep.

  D. Fat cells are there to help us maintain a good health.

  5. Which of the following is an appropriate title for this passage?

  A. Poor Sleep May Lead to Too Much Stored Fat and Disease.

  B. Sleep Experts Had Exciting Findings in a Fat Study.

  C. Americans Should Have More Than Six Hours of Sleep.

  D. Bad Things Happen if Fat Ceils Become Our Friend.

  Passage 2

  Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:

  The top of the world is a wonderland. In winter, the temperature often falls to - 30°F and the sun never rises. The ocean is surrounded by frozen ground. There are few people or trees, but to polar bears, the Arctic (北极) is home.

  (78)Polar bears have thick fur, big paws and other features that make them well prepared for life in their tough environment. In fact, they need the .Arcic sea ice for survival. But climate change is causing larger and larger areas of summer sea ice to melt (融化)。 Experts say that if warming patterns continue, the Arctic could be free of summer sea ice by 2050. That may cause two-thirds of the world's 20,000 polar bears to be gone by then too.

  Polar bears can't survive for long on land. Seals are their main source of food.The only place where polar bears can hunt seals is on the ice. (79)Although these bears are strong swimmer, thev are no match for lightning swift seals in the water. A polar bear has brilliantly clever strategies to over- come this disadvantage. In winter the bear waits motionless beside a seal's breathing hole, which is a narrow tunnel through the ice. Often many hours pass before the seal comes up for air and the bear kills it with a powerful blow of its paw. In summer, the polar bears that live on land eat very little and wait for the sea ice to return.

  With the sea ice forming later in the year and melting earlier, polar bears do not have enough op- portnnity to hunt and eat. Less sea ice makes it harder for the bears to catch the seals. The bears must swim longer distances between ice packs (大片浮冰), and they can't always make it. The ice is also getting thinner. These conditions can cause polar-bear cubs to become separated from their mothers, who provide them with food.

  Steven Amstrup is the chief scientist of Polar Bears International. The group aims to save the bears and their home. "The more people who see polar bears and understand their difficult situation, the better the chance we'll alter our warming path in time to save them," he says.

  6. Which is the best title for the passage?

  A. Climate change in the Arctic.

  B. How to protect the Environment.

  C. The Arctic Is Home to Polar Bears.

  D. Polar Bears in Danger.

  7. Where do polar bears usually hunt seals?

  A. On land.

  B. In open water.

  C. In openings in the sea ice.

  D. At the bottom of the sea.

  8. The word "cubs" in the fourth paragraph is closest in meaning

  A. adults

  B. Babies

  C. hunters

  D. enemies

  9. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?

  A. Starving polar bears are increasingly coming into villages, where they may be killed either for food or safety.

  B. Polar bears can spend their entire lives on land if the sea ice melts completely.

  C. Two-thirds of the world's polar bears may disappear by 2050 as global warming continues.

  D. The growing distance between ice packs is not a problem for polar bears, because they are excellent swimmers.

  10. What's the mission of Polar Bears International?

  A. Saving energy.

  B. Conducting scientific research.

  C. Seeking international cooperation.

  D. Saving polar bears and their home.

  Passage 3

  Questions 11 to 1:5 are based on the following passage:

  Imagine a school that expected its students to become literate (有读写能力的) without any for- mal instruction. Most parents would be alarmed by such an approach, which would leave their children confused and with gaps in their understanding. This however has been the philosophy on character de- velopment in many of our schools. Why is the development of character seen as somehow different from the other skills that we teach?

  Of course there will always be learning by osmosis (耳濡目染) in any school, but as a teacher and primary school head I have found that a child's moral literacy is strengthened when they acquire the building blocks of good character such as consideration, courage and honor: qualities which are commonly known as virtue (美德)。

  I personally find that exploring a virtue over a two-week period provides a simple and effective program that allows for the creative input of both teacher and student and a chance for the virtue to embed (使融入) itself. Once a lesson on a virtue such as honesty has been completed, we need to al- low time for children to practice this concept just as would be the case with fractions or verbs. Allo- wing children to role play a situation such as making up excuses to cover a mistake can be enormously interesting, and the drama can be frozen allowing the characters to be questioned about their feelings and motives. (80) It's also a safe way for children to experience for themselves how a lie usually goes out of control.

  Our role as educators is also to look for opportunities to help our students as they attempt to strengthen their characters. When something goes wrong we guide the young person to the virtue that will prevent it from happening again. For instance, when a student thoughtlessly disturbs the calm at- mosphere of the library, instead of a response such as, "that was really disrespectful and selfish of you!" we draw out from them the required virtue: "When you're walking through the library, what virtues do you need to use?"

  11. Which of the following is the main idea of this passage?

  A. Teaching morals and values has been a frequently discussed topic in the past few years.

  B. The author and his staff embed virtues into lessons and school life to encourage character development in children.

  C. Kids throughout the population face the same needs, the same challenges, and the same realities in their lives.

  D. Role plays are an excellent way of getting students to practice their English. 12. We can infer from the first paragraph that

  A. there tends to be disagreement about what character education is

  B. most parents are not satisfied with the teaching methods adopted in schools

  C. the approach to character education is generally considered different from the approaches to other skills

  D. more and more schools are adopting strategies to improve school attendance

  13. The word "philosophy" in the first paragraph is closest in meaning to

  A. study

  B. subject

  C. viewpoint

  D. investigation

  14. The author is a

  A. teacher

  B. librarian

  C. reporter

  D. manager

  15. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage as a way to build character in children?

  A. Story readings and discussions.

  B. Osmosis.

  C. Taking every opportunity to teach character.

  D. Role play.

  Part II Vocabulary and Structure (30 % )

  Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then blacken the corre- sponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  16. So much about his ships on the sea that he didn't sleep for a single minute all night.

  A. did he worry

  B. he did worry

  C. he worried

  D. worried he

  17. His new novel is said into a film last year.

  A. to make

  B. to have ,made

  C. to be made

  D. to have been made

  18. He tried several times to pass the exam. the end, he succeeded.

  A. On

  B. In

  C. At

  D. By

  19.The report of an earthquake (地震) in the South China Sea has not been yet.

  A. conflicted

  B. confused

  C. confined

  D. confirmed

  20. The clouds are gathering. We'd better hurry and the department store in case it rains.

  A. hand in

  B. face up to

  C. head for

  D. back up

  21.There is only one boat for hire. I'm afraid you have to wait for the next one. A. Superior

  B. capable

  C. complicated

  D. Available

  22. I think fishing is a nice hobby but needs a good deal of

  A. relation

  B. limitation

  C. strength

  D. patience

  23.Finally we made a that I should cook dinner and she would wash up after.

  A. trip

  B. bargain

  C. Face

  D. fool

  24. The old man was found on the floor.

  A. lying dead

  B. lying death

  C. laying dead

  D. laying death

  25. If one a crime, he will be punished.

  A. makes

  B. commits

  C. performs

  D. achieves

  26. If you insist on doing that, please take me into

  A. think

  B. thinking

  C. thought

  D. consideration

  27. The letters PTA parent-teacher association.

  A. stand for

  B. call for

  C. reach for

  D. care for

  28.On side of the street were standing young boys and girls to welcome the President.

  A. both

  B. two

  C. Either

  D. every

  29. Hospital doctors don't go out very often as their work all their time.

  A. takes away

  B. takes in

  C. takes over

  D. takes up

  30. The of blood always makes him sick.

  A. sight

  B. view

  C. look

  D. form

  31.She sent her application to the university last week, but a ny response up to now.

  A. didn't receive

  B. weren't receiving

  C. hadn't received

  D. hasn't received

  32. by the teacher in class, John felt quite depressed and kept silent the whole evening.

  A.Criticizing

  B.To criticize

  C.Criticized

  D.Having criticized

  33.I'd play football with you now if I ten years younger.

  A.am

  B.be

  C.had been

  D.Were

  34.All the books, had some pictures in them,were sent to the little girl.

  A.which

  B.that

  C.who

  D.Whose

  35.It is known that Galileo invented telescope.

  A.the:the

  B./;the

  C.a;/

  D.the;a

  36.The silk produced in Hangzhou feels extremely .

  A.soft

  B.softly

  C.softness

  D.Softy

  37.Not a single mistake in the test.

  A.he made

  B.did he make

  C.he has made

  D.made he

  38.Would you mind a photo of you?

  A.me take

  B.to take

  C.my taking

  D.me to take

  39.The lady treats the boy next door well as if he her own son.

  A.is

  B.was

  C.were

  D.would be

  40.The city I was born is on the new railway line.

  A.which

  B.that

  C.on which

  D.Where

  41.It yesterday,for the ground is still wet now.

  A.must have rained

  B.was raining

  C.rained

  D.had rained

  42.If Professor Jones arrives tomorrow,either you or I to meet him at the airport.

  A.are

  B.is

  C.am

  D.Were

  43. with the size of the whole earth,the highest mountain doesn’t seem high at all.

  A.When compared

  B.Compare

  C.While comparing

  D.Comparing

  44.On this special occasion I'd like to express my wishes for your future happiness.

  A.obvious

  B.B.sincere

  C.Hopeful

  D.honest

  45.He doesn’t spend much time his homework.

  A.in

  B.with

  C.on

  D.for

  Part IV Cloze(10%)

  Directions:There are20 blanks in the following passage,and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A,B,C and D at the end of the passage.You should choose ONEanswer that best fits into the passage.Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  Life as a woman in the colonial(殖民的)America seems quite different from it is today.Women were considered inferior to men,a fact 56 in tradition,law,and religion.Their place was in the home, 57 they were to serve as devoted wives and mothers.They were therefore considered unfit to operate 58political beings and unable to 59the benefits of citizenship given to men.Very few women 60 a cortege education,secured a well—paid job,or pursued a fruitful career.Other than marrying well,they could d0 61 to improve their economic status.

  62 their secondary status,women 63 play a central role in developing,civilizing,and advancing the nation long before the United States gained its independence 64 Great Britain.During the colonial period,they made great contributions to family and community.They worked alongside their husbands 65 family survival demanded that chores(杂事)be shared by all.Women helped to SOW,plant,and harvest crops.They 66 pigs and chickens,planted gardens and milked cows. This need for shared male and female labor 67 a constant theme(主题)as families moved to the frontier,where all family members having to work 68 essential.

  69 scholars still debate the nature of white women’ standing during the colonial period. many of them admit that colonial women 70 some standing in their families and communites 7 1 their contributions were So essential.A woman might 72 chores in the home but also assist her husband in 73 a newspaper or a store.But this cooperative(合作的)approach did not translate into 7 4 rights for women;instead,it 75 the realities and uncertainties of colonial life.

  56.A.rooted B.rooting C.caused D.causing

  57.A.that B.which C.when D.where

  58.A.for B.as C.in D.along

  59.A.view B.start C.enjoy D.spread

  60.A.trained B.designed C.acquired D.studied

  61.A.fewer B.few C.1ess D.1ittle

  62.A.In spite of B.In place of C.Instead of D.In need of

  63.A.do B.did C.were D.was

  64.A.for B.with C.to D.from

  65.A.since B.before C.although D.while

  66.A.raised B.rose C.arose D.aroused

  67.A.hesitated B.sacrificed C.remained D.changed

  68.A.improved B.proved C.swelled D.founded

  69. A. After B. Since C. Although D. Because

  70. A. switched B. balanced C. spared D. Achieved

  71. A. because B. before C. although D. while

  72. A. thrive B. perform C. supply D. Process

  73. A. reading B. requiring C. Buying D. Running

  74. A. Loyal B. Equal C. upright D. proud

  75. A. intended B. removed C. reflected D. ventured

  Part V Translation (20 % )

  Section A

  Directions: In this part there are five sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passages you have just read in Reading Comprehension. You can refer back to the passages to identify their meanings in the context.

  76. But Americans don't seem to be getting the message that we need seven to nine hours per night.77. Brady explains that the fat cells responded significantly to the loss of sleep.

  78. Polar bears have thick fur, big paws and other features that make them well prepared for lifein their tough environment.

  79. Although these bears are strong swimmers, they are no match for lightning swift seals in the water.

  80. It's also a safe way for children to experience for themselves how a lie usually goes out of control.

  Section B

  Directions: In this part, there are five sentences in Chinese. You should translate them into English. Be sure to write clearly.

  81.昨天,我用了大约两个小时阅读和回复电子邮件。

  82.你认识昨天做讲座的那个人吗?

  83.她已邀请我们参加她的生日聚会。

  84.我到那儿就给你打电话。

  85.她去年被提升为经理。

  2013年5月北京地区成人本科学士学位英语水平考试真题

  Part I Reading Comprehension

  Passage l

  1.A 【解析】细节题。根据第一段最后一句话0ver the long-term,this decreased response could set the stage for type-2 diabetes(a medical condition in which someone has chsugar in his or her blood),fatty liver disease and weight gain.可知长期缺乏睡眠会导致体重增加、Il型糖尿病和脂肪肝而没说会导致心脏病。因此选择A。

  2.C 【解析】自然段的主旨大意题。第三段主要介绍整个实验实施的程序与步骤。因此选择C。

  3.D【解析】词汇解释题。根据最后一段the lipids后面一句话的描述,血脂开始从脂肪细胞中渗出并在血流中增加。可知leach和leak同义,意为“泄露、露出”。

  4.B 【解析】正误判断题。根据文章最后一段第一句话Bad things can happen when fatcells become less responsive to insulin.可以得知当脂肪细胞对胰岛素的反应变得较少时,禾好的事情就可能发生。所以A选项正确。从文章第二段最后一句话More than l in 50f us…可以得知C选项正确。从文章最后一段第二句“Fat cells are actually your friend”……脂肪细胞实际上是你的朋友,可知D选项表述正确。

  5.A【解析】主旨题。本文中心思想是睡眠缺乏将导致脂肪细胞对胰岛素的反应能力降低,从而引起健康方面的疾病,包括糖尿病、脂肪肝及身体肥胖。所以正确选项应选择Ao

  Passage 2

  6.D 【解析】主旨题。全文围绕北极熊由于生存环境的恶化而濒临灭绝展开的,因此选择D。

  7.C【解析】细节题。根据第三段The only place where polar bears can hunt seals is on the ice.可知选择C。

  8.B【解析】词汇解释题。根据第四段最后一句话These conditions can cause polar—bearcubs to become separated from their mothers…说的是被迫与母亲分开,可知是北极熊宝宝。

  9.C【解析】正误判断题。根据文章第二最后两句:专家说如果温室效应持续下去,到2050年北极将没有夏季海冰。那也将导致世界上2万只北极熊中的2/3死亡。可知选择C。

  10.D【解析】细节题。根据文章最后一段第二句The group aims to save the bears and their home.可知选择D。

  Passage 3

  11.B 【解析】主旨大意题。文章第二段中提到,美德可以帮助孩子们的性格发展,接下来的一段又提到把美德嵌入课堂教学和学校生活中,帮助性格的发展。

  12.C【解析】细节题。第一段讲了现在学校性格发展教育的方法,说了为什么性格发展的教育和其他教育的技能方法如此不同。

  13.C【解析】词汇解释题。根据在文章中的原文This however has been the philosophyon character development in many of our schools.可推测出是在很多学校性格发展的观点、看法。

  14.A【解析】细节题。在第二段里提到but as a teacher and a primary school head可看出作者是一个老师兼小学校长。

  15.A 【解析】细节题。浏览全文可以看出,B、c、D在文章中都有提到,只有A故事阅读和讨论没有提到。

  PartⅡVocabulary and Structure

  16.A【解析】考查倒装句。句意:他如此担心他在海上的船,以至于一晚上连一分钟都没有睡。当S0,such位于句首时句子要部分倒装。

  17.D【解析】考查过去完成时。句意:据说他的新小说去年已经被制作成电影了。过去完成表示过去已经完成的动作,又因为是被制作成,所以用have been made。

  18.B 【解析】考查短语辨析。句意:他尝试了好几次去通过考试,最终,他成功了。in the end终于,最后;at the end在终点,在……结尾;by the end到……末尾,至……为止。

  19.D 【解析】考查词汇辨析。句意:中国南海地震的报道还没有被确认。A冲突,矛盾;B迷惑;C限制;D确认。

  20.C【解析】考查短语辨析。句意:云彩在聚集。我们最好快点前往那个百货商店以防下雨。A上交,提交;B勇敢地面对;C前往,出发;D支持,援助。

  21.D【解析】考查词汇辨析。句意:这里只有一条船可以租用,恐怕你不得不等下一个。A上级的,优秀的;B能干的,能胜任的;C复杂的;D可用的,可获得的。available for可用于……的,对……有效的,能参加……的。

  22.D【解析】考查词汇辨析。句意:我认为钓鱼是一个很好的爱好,但是需要很有耐心。A关系;B限制;C力量,力气;D耐心。

  23.B 【解析】考查词汇辨析。句意:最终我们达成了一个协议,我做饭,然后她刷碗。选项里的词都可以和make组成短语,意思分别为:A作一次旅行;B达成协议;C做鬼脸;D玩弄,愚弄。

  24.A 【解析】考查非谓语动词。句意:这个老人被发现躺在地板上死了。lie躺,动名词形式是lyin9;1ay放置,铺设。sb.is found doing sth.某人被发现正在做某事,形容词原形放于最后表状态。

  25.B【解析】考查词汇辨析。句意:一个人如果犯罪,他将会被处罚。犯罪,或者犯什么罪行,只能用commit。比如commit a murder犯了谋杀罪;commit a crime犯罪。

  26.D【解析】考查词汇辨析。句意:如果你坚持要做那件事,请把我考虑进去。think想;thinkin9想法,思考;thought思想,想法;consideration考虑;take sb·into consideration把……考虑进去。

  27.A【解析】考查短语辨析。句意:VIA这几个字母代表父母和老师联谊会。A代表;B要求,提倡;C伸手-L-拿;D关心,照顾。

  28.C 【解析】考查词汇辨析。句意:年轻的男孩们和女孩们站在大街的两旁欢迎总统。both两者,后面应该用复数;two +;every每一个;eiter两者之一,后面用单数。

  29.D 【解析】考查短语辨析。句意:医院的医生们不经常出去,因为他们的工作占用了他们所有的时间。take away带走;take in欺骗,吸收;take over接管;take up占用(空间、时间)。

  30.A【解析】考查词汇辨析。句意:看到血,总会使他感到恶心。sight看见的事物,景象;view观察视野;look看;form形式。

  31.D【解析】考查时态。句意:上周她向学校提出了申请,但是直到现在还没有收到任何回复。考查现在完成时,表示过去发生的事情对现在产生的影响。结合此题,她在上周提出申请,到现在还没有回复。所以用现在完成时。

  32.C 【解析】考查非谓语动词。句意:因为在课堂上被老师指责,John感到很失落,整个晚上都很安静。考查过去分词作原因状语,动词过去分词形式可以表被动,动词现在分词形式表主动,主语J0hn和动词criticize(指责)之间存在被动关系,他是被人指责的。

  33.D 【解析l考查虚拟语气。句意:如果我年轻十岁的话,我现在就会和你们一起踢足球。选D。虚拟语气表示对现在的假设从句要用一般过去时,而且要将was变为were。

  34.A【解析】考查定语从句。句意:所有有图画的书都送给那个小女孩了。考查非限制性定语从句,非限制性定语从句只能用which来引导,which在从句中充当主语的成分。

  35.B 【解析】考查冠词用法。句意:众所周知,伽利略发明了望远镜。人名之前不加任何冠词,定冠词用在姓氏的复数名词之前,表示一家人,例如the Greens格林一家人(或格林夫妇);the加单数名词表示某一类事物。

  36.A 【解析】考查词性辨析。句意:杭州生产的丝绸摸起来非常柔软。soft柔软的;softly温柔地,柔和地;softness温柔,柔和;softy多愁善感的人,傻子。feel为感官动词,其用法和be一样后接形容词原形。

  37.B 【解析】考查倒装句。句意:他在这次考试中一个错误都没有犯。否定词not位于句首,句子要用部分倒装。

  38.C【解析】考查固定用法。句意:你介意我给你照一张相片吗?mind doing sth.介意做某事。当一ing形式的逻辑主语与句子的主语不一致时,要在一ing形式之前加上物主代词或名词所有格,构成一ing形式的复合结构。在本题中,句子的主语是you,taking a photo的逻辑主语是我,因此要在takin9前加上物主代词my。

  39.c 【解析】考查虚拟语气。句意:这个女士对隔壁的小男孩很好,就像他是她自己的儿子一样。在as if,as though引导的从句中,如果谈论的是不可能或不真实的情况时,它们所引用的状语从句要用虚拟语气,动词形式和wish后面的变化相同。

  40.D 【解析】考查定语从句。句意:我出生的城市在新的铁路沿线上。where在句子中不充当任何成分,后面要接完整的一句话,which在句子中充当主语或宾语的作用,the citywhere l was born=the city in which l was born。

  41.A 【解析】考查情态动词。句意:昨天肯定下雨了,因为地面现在还是湿的。musthave done表示对过去发生的事情的肯定推测。

  42.c【解析】考查主谓一致。句意:如果Jones教授明天到的话,你或是我将会去机场接他。考查主谓一致在eit}ler…or/neither…nor中谓语动词要和它前面的紧挨的主语保持一致,要遵循就近原则。

  43.A【解析】考查非谓语动词。句意:和整个地球的大小进行比较,最高的山看起来就一点儿也不高了。动词的过去分词形式表示被动,动词的现在分词形式表示主动,moun.tain和动词compare之间存有被动关系,山是被人拿来作比较的,而不是山主动发生比较的动作。所以要用动词的过去分词形式。

  44.B 【解析】考查词汇辨析。句意:在这个特殊的日子,我想诚挚地祝你未来幸福。obvious明显的;sincere真诚的,诚挚的;hopeful充满希望的;honest诚实的。

  45.c 【解析】考查固定搭配。句意:他没有花费太多时间在他的作业上。考查固定句型spend some time/some money on sth.在某事上花费时间/金钱;spend some time/some mOB-ey(in)doing sth.做某事花费时间/金钱。

  Part m Identification

  46.A 【解析】句意:他是如此强壮的一个人,以至于他能举起十块这样的石头。应改为S0,考查的是S0的用法:so+形容词+a+名词。

  47.A【解析】句意:直到他死后,他才被认可为一位伟大的作曲家。应把until去掉。考查连词的用法,已经有了after,不需要until。

  48.C 【解析】句意:到达山顶,你就会看到整个城市。应改为and。这里没有转折的意 义,是顺承的意义。

  49.C 【解析】句意:那就是你为什么支持这个提案的原因吗?应改为why。考查定语从句,先行词是reason,后面的定语从句不缺成分,只能用why。

  50.D【解析】句意:房间里太吵,以至于我几乎都无法清晰地去思考。应改为think。考查感官动词hear的用法,后只能跟d0或doing。I Call’t hear myself think=I can’t thinkclearly,我无法清晰地去思考。

  51.A【解析】句意:当爸爸回来后,我要告诉他所有你在学校的不良表现。应改为comes back。考查时态:主将从现。

  52.D 【解析】句意:一些人喜欢吃苹果,而另一些人比起苹果更喜欢吃香蕉。D应改为t0。prefer sth.to sth.的固定用法。

  53.D 【解析】句意:大多数树蛙不时地改变颜色是为了适应它们的环境。应改为their。前后对应,tree frogs,所以应为复数。

  54.D【解析】句意:作为一个反应迟钝的学生,Jane没有及时完成考试,是吗?应改为has she。考查反义疑问句:前后要一致。而且这里的hasn't是助动词,不是实义动词,所以应改为has。

  55.B【解析】句意:这份报纸上只有两个值得阅读的地方——电视节目单和体育版。应改为readin9。考查非谓语动词作宾语的搭配:worth doin9。

  Part IV Cloze

  56.A【解析】root in起因于,来源于。

  57.D【解析where引导定语从句,在句子中不充当任何充分,用来修饰先行词home。

  58.B【解析】as political beings作为政治人员。

  59.C【解析】enjoy the benefit of citizenship享受公民的福利。

  60.C 【解析】acquired a college education获得大学教育;trained训练;designed设计;studied研究。

  61.D【解析】they could do little他们能做的事很少。

  62.A【解析】in spite of their secondary status不管他们的次要地位;in place of代替;instead of相反;in need of有需要的。

  63.B 【解析】考查强调和谓语动词的时态,这里用d0表示强调,整句话时态是一般过去时,所以谓语动词要用一般过去时。

  64.D【解析】independence from从……中独立出来;liberation解放;tendency趋势,潮流;wealth财富。

  65.A【解析】since因为。因为家庭生活需要很多杂事被所有人分担,他们随着他们的丈夫一起工作。before在……之前;although虽然;while然而。

  66.A 【解析】raised pigs and chicken饲养猪和鸡;rise上升;arise出现;arouse激起,启发。

  67.C 【解析】remain仍然;remained a constant theme仍然是一个固定的话题;hesitate 犹豫;sacrifice牺牲;change改变。

  68.B 【解析】improve改善,提高;prove证明;swell涨满,$tj胀;found建立。所有家庭成员必须工作,这被证明是重要的。

  69.C 【解析】Although虽然。虽然学者们仍然在辩论在殖民地期间白人妇女的地位的性质。

  70.D【解析】switch交换;balance-T-衡;spare节省;achieve获得……的成就。

  71.A 【解析】because因为。因为他们的贡献很必要。

  72.B【解析】thrive兴旺;perform扮演;supply提供;process过程。

  73.D 【解析】mruling a newspaper or a store经营一家报纸或者商店。

  74.B【解析】equal rishts平等的权利。

  75.C 【解析】intend打算,想要;remove移动,迁移;reflect反映,反射;venture敢于,冒险。

  Part V Translation

  Section A

  76.但是美国人似乎并没有明白我们每晚需要7到9小时的睡眠。77.布拉德利解释说脂肪细胞明显反映出睡眠的缺失。

  78.北极熊有厚厚的毛皮、大大的脚掌和其他一些特征,使得它们能够为这种艰苦环境的生活做好充分准备。

  79.尽管北极熊是游泳能手,但还是比不过如闪电般迅速的海豹。

  80.对孩子们而言,让他们去自己经历一个谎言通常如何会失去控制也是一个安全的方法。

  Section B

  81. I spent about two hours in reading and replying emails yesterday.

  82. Do you know the man who gave a lecture yesterday?

  83. She has already invited us to her birthday party.

  84. I will call you the moment I get there.

  85. She was promoted to the position of manager last year.

 

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