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2011年职称英语试题综合类(B级)试卷及答案
来源:学易网校 2011-10-11 10:45:00 【字体:放大正常缩小】【打印页面

  第一部分:词汇选项(第115题,每题-1分;共15分)

  下面每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有底横线,请为每处划线部分确定1个意义最为接近的选项。

  1. We need to extract the relevant flnancial data.

  A. store B. obtain

  C. save D. review

  2. His shoes were shined to perfection.

  A. cleared   B. polished

  C. washed    D. mended

  3. She always finds fault with everything. .

  A. simplifies B. evaluates

  C. criticizes D. Examines

  4. Anderson left the table, remarking that he had some work.to do

  A. doubting B. thinking

  C. saying D. Knowing

  5. They converted the spare bedroom into an office.

  A. reduced    B. moved

  C. reformed   D. turned.

  6. Mr. Henley has accelerated his sale of shares over the past year

  A. held       B. increased

  C. expected   D. offered

  7. We have to act within the existing legal framework

  A. limit

  C. status

  B. procedure

  D. system

  8. Jane said that she couldn't tolerate the long hours

  A. spend

  C. stand

  B. take

  D. last

  9. At that time, we did not fully grasp the significance of what had happened

  A. give

  B. attach

  C. understand

  D. lose

  10.The view from my bedroom window was absolutely spectacular.

  A. general

  C. strong

  B. traditional

  D. magnificent

  11. Marsha confessed that she knew nothing of computer.

  A. admitted

  B. reported

  C. hoped

  D. answered

  12. The police believe the motive for the murder was jealousy.

  A. choice

  B. idea

  C. decision

  D. reason

  13. The high-speed trains can have a major impact on our lives

  A. effort

  C. concern

  B. problem

  D. influence

  14. We explored the possibility of expansion at the conference.

  A. offered

  C. accepted

  B. included

  D. investigated

  15. The study also notes a steady decline in the number of college students taking science courses.

  A. continuous

  C. general

  B. relative

D. sharp

 

  第二部分:阅读判断(第1622题,每题1分,共7分)

下面的短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信息,请选择A:如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,请选择C。

 

  TraveIAcross Africa

  For six hours we shot through the barren (荒芜的) landscape of the Karoo desert in South Africa. Just rocks and sand and baking sun. Knowing our journey was ending,Daniel and I just wanted to remember all we had seen and done. He used a camera. I used words. I had already finished three notebooks and was into the fourth, a beautiful leather notebook l'd bought in. a market in Mozambique.

  Southern Africa was full of stories. And  visions. We were almost drunk on sensations. The roaring of the water at Victoria Falls, the impossible silence of the Okavango Delta in

  Botswana.

  And then the other things: dogs in the streets, whole families in Soweto living in one room,. a kilometre from clean water.

  As we drove towards the setting sun, a  quietness fell over us. The road was empty-we hadn't seen another car for hours. And as I drove, something caught my eye,

  something moving close enough to touch them, to smell their hot breath. I didn't know how long they had been there next to us.

  I shouted to Dan: "Look!  but he was in a deep sleep, his camera lying useless by his feet. They raced the car for a few seconds, then disappeared far behind us, a memory of heroic forms in the red landscape.

  When Daniel woke up an hour later I told him what had happened.

  "Wild horses?" he said. "Why didn't you wake me up, Sophia?"

  "I tried. But they were gone after a few seconds. " .

  "Are you sure you didn't dream it?"

  "You were the one who was sleeping!"

  "Typical," he said. "The best photos are the ones we never take.

  We checked into a dusty hotel and slept the sleep of the dead.

  16.  Daniel and Sophia drove slowly through the busy desert

  A.  Right  B.  Wrong   C.  Not mentioned

  17.  Sophia wrote about her experiences in notebooks.

  A.  Right  B. Wrong    C. Not mentioned

  18.  Daniel took photos of the Nile River.

  A.  Right  B.  Wrong   C. Not mentioned

  19.  Daniel and Sophia saw a lot of wonderful things.

  A.  Right  B.  Wrong   C.  Not mentioned

  20.  While driving Daniel and Sophia saw wild horses.

  A.  Right  B.  Wrong   C.  Not mentioned

  21.  The horses didn't come near the car.

  A.  Right  B.  Wrong   C. Not mentioned

  22. Sophia woke Daniel up so that he could take photos of the horses

A.  Right  B.  Wrong   C.  Not mentioned

 

  第三部分:概括大意与完成句子(第2330题,每题1分,共8分)

下面的短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第1~4段每段选择1个最佳标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定1个最佳选项。

 

  Are You a Successful Leader?

  1Almost nothing we do in this world is done in isolation. At work or at play, you'II find yourself in groups, working with other people: your team at work, a meeting with colleagues, your family, a holiday with friends, a group of students working together, a day out walking in the mountains, a group of neighbours wanting to make changes. It is now recognised that being able to work successfully with other- people is one of the major keys to success, partly because we need to do it so often.

  2In almost every situation where you're in a group, you will need a skilled leader. All groups need leaders and all successful groups have good leaders: Groups without leaders or with weak leaders almost always break down. Members of a leaderless group often begin to feel dissatistled and frustrated. -llme is wasted and the tasks are not achieved.There are often arguments and tensions between people as there is nobody to keep the goals clear. Some personalities dominate and others disappear. Often group members begin not to come to meetings in order to avoid more disharmony.

  3 Some people are natural leaders. The celebrity chef, Antonio Carluccio says, "True leaders are born and you can spot them'in kitchens." They're people who combine

  toughness, fairness and humour. Although a lot of people agree that there are some natural-born leaders, most people now recognise that leadership can also be taught. Our professional and experienced staff can train almost anyone how to be a successfulleader Good leaders don't make people do things in a bossy, controlling way. You can learn how

  to involve everyone, encouraging the whole group to work towards a common goal.

  4 Our training courses use activities and techniques to develop a range of qualities which are necessary to be a good leader. Self-confidence is vital for you to overcome your own fears about being a leader. Successful leaders also need to be calm and intelligent. They need to be able to work out good strategies and make sound judgments under pressure. Lastly, and probably most importantly, good leaders need to be sensitive, sociable and be able to get on with a wide range of people. Good leadersV;ip is essentially the ability to influence others and good leaders allow all members of the group to contribute.

  23. Paragraph 1       

  24. Paragraph 2     

  25. Paragraph 3     

    26. Paragraph 4___  

 

    A. Most of good leaders are natural-born
    B. It's important to have a good leader
    C. People are in groups
    D. Thesr techniques are used to train leaders
    E. Training can make good leaders
    F. A good leader needs a variety of qualities.

 

 

27. Orie of the major keys to success is___.

28. Groups often break down because of ___.

29. Good leaders always avoid ___.

30. Self-confidence is the key to ___.

 

    A. the ability to work with others
  B. encouraging group members
  C. lackofgoodleaders
  D. overcoming fears about being a leader
  E. bossing people around
    F. working out good strategies
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   第四部分:阅读理解(第31~ 45题,每题3分,共45分)

下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题。请根据短文内容,为每题确定1个最佳选项。

 

第一篇

  Cell Phones: Hang Up or Keep Talking?

  Millions of people.are using cell phones today. In many places it is actually considered unusual n.ot to use one. In many countries, cell phones are very popular with young people. They find that the phones are more than a means of communication- having a mobile phone shows that they are cool and connected.

  The explosions around the world in mobile phone use make some health professionals worried. Some doctors are concerned that in the future many people may suffer health problems from the use of mobile phones. In England, there has been a serious debate about this issue. Mobile phone companies are worried about the negative publicity of such ideas. They say that there is no proof that mobile phones are bad for your health.

  On the other hand, why do some medical-studies show changes in the brain cells of some people who use mobile phones? Signs of change in the tissues of the brain and head can be detected with modern scanning (扫描) equipment. In one case, a traveling salesman had to retire at a young age because of serious memorbr loss, He couldn't remember even simple tasks. He would often forget the name of his own son. This man used to talk on his mobile phone for about six hours a day, every day of his working week, for a couple of years. His family doctor blamed his mobile phone use, but his employer's doctordidn'tagree.

  What is jt that makes mobile phones potentially harmful? The answer is radiation. High-tech machines can detect very small amounts of radiation from mobile phones. Mobile phone companies agree that there is some radiation, but they say the amount is too small to worry about.

  As the discussion about their safety-continues, it appears that it's best to use mobile phones less often. Use your regular phone if you want to talk for a long time. Use your mobile phone only when you really need it. Mobile phones can be very useful and convenient, especially in emergencies. In. the future, mobile phones may have a warning label that says they are bad for your health. So for now, it's wise not to use your mobile phone too often.

  31.  People buy cell phones for the following reasons EXCEPT that

  A.  they're popular.

  B.  they're cheap.

  C.  they're useful.

  D. they're convenient.

  32.  The word "detected" in paragraph 3 could be best replaced by

  A. cured.

  B, removed.

  C. discovered.

  D. caused.

  33. The salesman retired young because

  A. he disliked using mobile phones.

  B. he couldn't remember simple tasks.

  C. he was tired of talking on his mobile phone.

  D. his employer's doctor persuaded him to.

  34.  On the safety issue of mobile phones, the manufacturing companies

  A. deny the existence of mobile phone radiation.

  B. develop new technology to reduce mobile phone radiation

  C  try to prove that mobile phones are not harmful to health.

  D. hold that the amount of radiation is too small to worry about.

  35. The writer's purpose of writing this article is to advise people

  A. to use mobile phones less often.

  B. to buy mobile phones.

  C. to update regular phones.

  D. to stop using mobile phones.

第二篇

  Excessive Demands on Young People

  Being able to multitask is-hailed by most people as a welcome skill, but not according to a recent study which claims that young people between the ages of eight and eighteen of the so-called Generation M are spending a considerable amount of their time in fruitless efforts as they multitask. It argues that, in fact, these young people are frittering浪费 away as much as half of their time as they would if they performed the very same tasks one after the other.

  Some young people are using an ever larger number of electronic devices as they study. At the same time they are working, young adults are also surfing on the Internet, or sending out emails to their friends, and/or answering the telephone and listening to music on their iPods or on another computer. As some new device comes along, it is also added to the list rather than replacing one of the existing devices. Other research has indicated that this multitasking is even affecting the way families themselves function as young people are too wrapped up in(沅湎于) their own isolated worlds to interact with the other people around them. They can no longer greet family members when they enter the house nor can they eat at the family table.

  All this electronic wizardry(魔力) is supposedly also seriously affecting young people's performance at universit3t and in the workplace. When asked about their opinions of the impact of modern gadgets (小装置) on their.performance of tasks, the great majority of young people gave a favourable response.

  The response from the academic and business worlds was not quite as positive. The former feel that multitasking with electronic gadgets by children affects later development of study skills, resulting in a decline in the quality of writing, for example, because of the lack of concentration on task completion. They feel that many undergraduates now urgently need remedial (补救的) help with study skills. Similarly, employers feel that young people entering the workforce need to be taught all over again, as they have become deskilled.

  While all this may be true, it must be borne in mind that more and more is expected of young people nowadays; in fact, too much. Praise rather than criticism is due in respect of the way today's youth are able to cope despite what the older generation throw at them.

  36. What is probably true about the multitasking Generation M?

  A. They feelthey are more effIcient than others.

  B. They waste more time than they should spend.

  C. They put more energy on important tasks.

  D. They need to improve their analytical skills.

  37. With the introduction of new gadgets, what happens to the Generation M's present e-devices?

  They give way to the latest..

  They are quickly put aside.

  They are sold to their friends.

  They become part of their collection.

  38.Multitasking rriakes the Generation M

  A. feellonely add pitiful.

  B. selfish and aggressive.

  C. distant to their family.

  D. silent and sad."

  39.The academics feel that many undergraduates badly need to

  A. adjust their social attitudes.

  B. seekpsychologicalassistance.

  C. improve their study skills.

  D.  take more business,courses.

  40.  What attitude should the older generation adopt towards the multitasking youth?

  A. Critical.

  B. Thankful.

  C. Negative.

  D. Supportive.

第三篇

  Three Ways to Become More Creative

  Most people believe they don't have much imagination. They are wrong. Everyone has imagination, but most of us, once we become adults, forget how to access it.Creativity isn't always connected with great works of art or ideas. People at work and in their free time routinely think of creative ways to solve problems. Maybe you have a goal to achieve, a tricky question to answer or you just want to expand your mind! Here are three techniques to help you.

  This technique involves taking unrelated ideas and trying to find links between them. First, think about the problem you have to solve or the job you need to do. Then find an image, word, idea or object, for example, a candle. Write down all the ideas/words associated with candles: light, fire, matches, wax: night, silence, etc. Think of as many as you can. The next stage is to relate the ideas to the job you have to do. So imagine you want to buy a friend an original present; you could buy him tickets to a match or take him out for the night.

  Imagine that normallimitations don't exist. You have as much time/space/money, etc. as you want. Think about your goal and the new possibilities. If, for_example, your goal is to learn to ski, you can now practice skiing every day of your life (because you have the time and the money). Now adapt this to reality. Maybe you can practice.skiing every day

  in December, or every Monday in January.

  Look at the situation from a different point of view. Good negotiators(谈判者 use this technique in business, and so do writers. Fiction writers often imagine they are the characters in their books. They ask questions: what does this character want? Why can't she get it? What changes must she make to get what she wants? What does she dream about? If your goal involves other people, put yourself "in their shoes". The best, fishermen think like fish!

  41,  According to the passage, when we become adults

  A. we can stilllearn to be more creative.

  B. most of us are no longer creative.

  C. we are not as imaginative as children.

  D. we are unwilling to be creative.' ."

  42.  According to the first technique, if you need to solve a problem

  A. you could find an image and try to link it with the problem.

  B. you should link it with candles.

  C. you have to think of buying a present for a friend.

  D. you should link it with as many words as possible.

  43. The second technique suggests that you just imagine

  A. setting a goal is as simple as skiing.

  B. you have ever3r resource to achieve your goal.

  C. new possibilities will soon appear.

  D. December and January are the best months for skiing.

  44. The phrase "put yourself :in their shoes'  in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to

  A. dress yourselflike them.

  B. do as they ask you to.

  C. think as they would.

  D. put on their shoes,

  45.  We learn from the third technique that a good salesman should ask himself:

  A.  what do I usually do?

  B.  what did my boss tell me to do?

  C.  what are my customers' needs?

D.  how should I sell my products?

 

  第五部分:补全短文(第4650题,每题2分,共10分)

下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。

 

  Flying into History

  When you turn on the television or read a magazine, celebrities (名人) are everywhere. Although fame and the media play such major roles in our lives today, it has not always been that way.____(46) Many historians agree that Charles Lindbergh was one of the first major celebrities, or superstars.

  Lindbergh was born in Detroit, Michigan, in 1902, but he grew up in Little Falls, Minnesota. As a child, he was very interested in'how things worked, so when he- reached college, he pursued a degree in engineering. At the age of 20, however, the allure(诱惑 of flying captured Lindbergh's imagination.       (47) Soon after, Lindbergh bought his own plane and traveled across the nation performing aerial stunts(空中特技).

  In 1924, Lindbergh became more serious about flying. He joined the United States military and graduated first in his pilot class.       (48)

  During the sarTie time, a wealthy hotel owner named Raymond Orteig was offering a generous award to the first pilot who could fly nonstop from New York City to Paris, France. The Orteig Prize was worth $25,OOO-a large amount even by today's standards.

  Lindbergh knew he had the skills to compfete the flight, but not just any plane was capable of flying that far for that long.           (49)

  On May 20, 1927, Charles Lindbergh took off from Roosevelt Field in New York City and arrived the next day at an airstrip(简易机场) outside Paris. Named in honor of the sponsor, The Spirit of St. Louis carried Lindbergh across the Atlantic Ocean and into the record books. He became a national hero and a huge celebrity.

  When he returned to the United States, Lindbergh rode in a ticker-tape(热烈的) parade held to celebrate his accomplishment. was even named for Charles Lindbergh-the kept at the Smithsonian Institute's National Air        (50) A very popular dance Lindy Hop. Today, The Spirit of St. Louis is and Space Museum in Washington, D.C.

  A.  He also received a Medal of Honor, the highest United Statest military decoration.

  B.  Lindbergh used this additional training to get a job as an airmail pilot, flying out of St Louis, Missouri.

  C.  His childhood was not full of fond memories.

  D.  Working with an aviation company from San Diego, California, and with financial help from the city of St. Louis, Lindbergh got a customized (定制的) airplane that could make the journey.

  E.  Eighty years'ago; radio and movies were just beginning to have that kind of effect on Americans

F.  He quit school and moved to Nebraska where he-learned to'be a pilot.

 

  第六部分:完形填空(第51~65题,每题1分,共15分)

下面的短文有15处空白,请根据短文内容为每处空白确定1个最佳选项。

 

  Sport or Spectacle?

  Muhammad Ali is probably the most famous sports figure on earth: he is recognized on ever3r. continent and by all generations. The____ (51) of his illness as Parkinson's disease after his retirement fuelled the debate about the dangers of boxing and criticism       (52) the sport. That, plus his outspoken opposition (53) women's boxing, made people wonder how he would react when one of his daughters decided to      (54). up the sport. His presence at Laila's first professional fight, however, seemed to broadcast a father's support. Of course Muhammad Ali wanted to (55) his daughter fight. The ring announcer introduced him as the "the greatest" and as he sat down at the ringside the crowd chanted.

  Twenty-one-year-old Laila's debut.fight首次亮相 was a huge success and there was as much publicity for the      (56) as her father's fights once attracted      57Laila's opponent was much weaker than she was and the fight lasted just 31 seconds. Since then, Laila has won most of her fights by knocking out her opponent She knows       (58) she's doing," said one referee about her. "She knows about moving well. You can see some of her dad's moves.

  Laila Ali would rather not      (59) herself to her father. She prefers to make      (60). Her father supports her decision to enter the sport but he has not spared her the details of what can happen. Laila to understand the worst possible scenario局面 to see            (61) that her father wants her       (62) she st wants to go forward with it. She knows she's going to get hit hard at times, that she may get a broken nose or a swollen( P胀的) face, but at least she is prepared for it.

  Laila's decision to start boxing despite her father's       (63) with the symptoms of Parkinson's disease has of course sparked a mixture of praise and      (64).But Laila is a determined indMdual and it is her famous last name that has made her a magnet for worldwide media attention, Of course, the      (65) on the boxing scene of a woman with her family history attracts even more questions about whether women's boxing is sport or spectacle.

  51. A.discover B.recovery C.prevention D.diganosis

  52. A.of B.on C.for D.at

  53. A.in B.on C.to D.by

  54. A.set B.cheer C.look D.take

  55. A.help B.watch C.have D.make

  56. A.stage B.summit C.fight D.dight

  57. A. Unfortunately B. Obviously C.Similarly D.Suddenly

  58. A. that B. what C.how D.why

  59. A. compare B. keep C. turn D.want

  60. A. appearance B.name C.show D.sport

  61. A. realizes B. suggests C. proposes D. hopes

  62. A. if B. since C. because D. when

  63. A. feeling B. struggle C. sense D. anger

  64. A. argument B. quarrel C. criticism D. decision

  65. A. arrival  B. birth C. departure D. attention

 

 

 

 

参考答案:

 

第一部分:

accelerated---increased

confess---admit

motive—reason

grasp---understand

converted---turn

remarking---thinking

extract---obtain

tolerate---spend

explored---investigate

shine---polish

find fault with ---criticize

frame work---system

impact---influence

steady---continuous

 

 

第二部分:

 

16Daniel and Sophia drove slowly through the busy desert.---Wrong

17Sophia wrote about her experience in notebooks.---Right

18Daniel took photos of the Nile River.---Not

19Daniel and Sophia saw a lot of wonderful things. ---Right

20While driving Daniel and Sophia saw wild horses. ---Wrong

21The horses didnt come near the car. ---Wrong

22Sophia woke Daniel up so that he could take photos of the horses. ---Wrong

 

 

第三部分:

 

23Paragraph 1---F

24Paragraph 2---E

25Paragraph 3---C

26Paragraph 4---A

 

27One of the major key to success is.---A

28Groups often break down because of.---C

29Good leaders always avoid.---D

30Self-confidence is the key to.---F

 

第四部分:

 

题干:People buy cell phones for the following reasons EXCEPT that

答案:they're cheap.

题干:The word detected in paragraph 3 could be best replaced by

答案:discovered.

题干:The salesman retired young because

答案:he couldnt remember simple tasks.

题干:On the safety issue of mobile phones, the manufacturing company

答案:hold that the amount of radiation is too small to worry about.

题干:The writers purpose of writing this article is to advise people

答案:to use mobile phones less often.

 

第二篇 Excessive Demands on Young People(综合类教材上阅读理解上第三十八篇)

题干:What is probably true about the multitasking Generation M?

答案:They waste more time than they should spend.

题干:With the introduction of new gadgets, what happens to the Generation Ms present e-devices?

答案:They become part of their collection.

题干:Multitasking makes the Generation M

答案:distant to their family.

题干:The academic feel that many undergraduates badly need to

答案:improve their study skill

题干:What attitude should the older generation adopt towards the multitasking youth?

答案:Supportive./

 

第三篇 Three ways to Become More Creative

题干:According to the passage, when we become adults,

答案:we can still learn to be more creative.

题干:According to the first technique, if you need to solve a problem,

答案:you could fine an image and try to link it with the problem.

题干:The second technique suggests that you just imagine

答案:you have every resource to achieve your goal.

题干:The phrase put yourself in their shoes in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to

答案:think as they would.

题干:We learn from the third technique that a good salesman should ask himself

答案:what are my customers needs?

 

 

第五部分:

 

46---B

47---E

48---D

49---C

50---A

 

 

第六部分:

 

51. diagnosis

52. of

53. to

54. take

55. watch

56. fight

57. Unfortunately

58. what

59. compare

60. name

61. realizes

62. if

63. struggle

64. criticism

65. arrival

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